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Fuel Transfer Safety - What to Do During Spillage


The immense growth of the maritime oil industry and tanker size, the rising amount of chemicals transported by sea and a greater concern for the environment have all demanded global measures to reduce pollution in our waters via stricter fuel transfer and storage protocols.


The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil was convened in 1954, creating guidelines that seek to avoid marine pollution. When this was later deemed inadequate, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships of 1973 came up with a more ambitious international treaty on maritime pollution, covering not only oil but with all kinds of marine pollution from ships, except the land-generated waste disposal into the oceans by dumping.


Oil spillage, which typically happens as ships transfer fuel using distirbution loading arms, is still among the biggest threats to our marine resources nowadays. Fuel spills are a main sea water pollution cause and must be prevented in all ways possible through meticulous planning and effective operation.


When a fuel spill takes place , knowledge of the mitigating steps outlined below, as well as an actual capability to implement them are always crucial:


Spilled Diesel Aboard Vessel


All steps have to be taken in order to contain the spilt fuel and keep it away from heat.


> The fuel spill should immediately be reported to the master of the vessel. Normally, the fuel will moves to the bilge, but it shouldn't be pumped out.


In the event of a fuel leak, stop any more discharge using any possible means. The guidance of the master of the vessel should, as required, be sought.  To learn more about fuel transfer safety, you can visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuel_tank.


Spilled Petrol and LPG Aboard Vessel


Reducing any leaks that can transpire in the engine compartment is the survey requirement for the said installations.


> A leak necessitates the shutdown of all machinery and electrical systems at  http://www.emcowheaton.com/tank-truck-components/.


> Fuel supply must be discontinued.


> Petrol vapours and LPG have to be cleared in a way that does not lead to sparking.


> Leak should be repaired.


Overboard Fuel Spill


The goal must be to keep any further fuel from getting to the water.


> Fire-fighting equipment has to be available at all times. Fire extinguishers must be suitable for fuel fires.


> The concerned Port Authority should be notified and their instructions followed.


> Pending the Port Authority's arrival, vessels which are moored or tied up close to the area of spillage have to be advised.


> The vessel itself should be cleaned up.


> Do not try to clean up the water with the use of such products as detergents, unless this is the advice of the Port Authority.


> Should the vessel be at sea at the time of the spill, the state pollution authority or the nearest port authority should be informed.


For safety, avoid discharging the bilge until the vessel is back in a shore-based waste facility.


> In a large fuel spill, full safety precautions should be taken.


> If available, place "no smoking" signs, or warn people in the vicinity against smoking.